NEW! Wrightslaw Year in Review Series for 2015, 2016, 2017, and 2018
The Parent as Expert
comes before work only in the dictionary." Anon.
Resources by Chapter
In Chapter 8, you learn about evaluations and your child's disability. See FAQs about your child's evaluation and how to work with educational consultants and independent evaluators.
Bookmark the Getting Help page for our Resource Directories and visit the Yellow Pages for Kids with Disabilities.
Download free publications about IEPs, special education, mental health, transition, reading instruction, harassment, high stakes testing, and discipline from the Wrightslaw Free Pubs page. The Free Pubs page also has a list of free newsletters about special education and advocacy issues.
10 and Chapter 11
teach you about tests
and measurements. You learn about the bell curve, percentile
ranks and standard scores, composite scores, and subtest scatter. You
learn how to use pre- and post-tests to measure your childs progress.
When you analyze your childs test scores, you can develop an appropriate
program for your child.
12 is about SMART IEPs that are specific, measurable, use
action words, are realistic, and time-limited.
Chapter 12 about SMART IEPS
Paper Case: Managing Your Child's Documents Under the IDEA by Bob Crabtree,
Esq. If you have kids with special educational needs, you can
be overwhelmed by paperwork in no time. This article teaches you about
the importance of different documents and how to organize them. You
learn about documents that are keepers; education records; documents
you should create and how; tips for consulting with an attorney.
Paper Trails: Documents, Exhibit Lists and Due Process Hearings - Pete Wright describes a systematic, step-by-step approach to organizing and maintaining documents generated in special education litigation from the initial interview through pre-trial preparation.
Do Documents Speak for Themselves? by Brice Palmer. If you examine documents carefully, you are likely to find the theme of your case. Learn to organize documents, recognize common fact-finding blunders, collect all records from all sources, and avoid "case-killer" arguments.
Articles About Tests & Measurements
Understanding Tests and Measurements for the Parent, Advocate and Attorney. To write IEP goals and objectives that are tailored to the child's unique needs, you need to learn how to interpret educational and psychological test results. (NOTE: To ensure that you get the graphics in this article, you may want to print the article from the screen, rather than download it.) You will learn about the Bell Curve, standard scores, percentile ranks, composite scores, subtest scatter, norm and criterion referenced tests. Get article
Wrightslaw Game Plan: How to Write IEP Goals and Objectives. Parents and teachers ask for help with IEP goals and objectives. In this article, you learn that you must analyze the child's unique needs that result from the disability - and begin with the present levels of performance.
How to Write Measurable Annual Goals. Memorandum from Nissan Bar-Lev, special ed director, that describes the process of writing clear, measurable IEP goals.
How to Make Annual Goals Measurable: Examples and Tips. Remember that "measurable" means you can count it or observe it. Article uses common goals, shows why they aren't clear or measurable, and how to make them clear and measurable.
How to Use a Parent IEP Attachment. Confused at IEP meetings? Do you find that your questions are not answered? In this article by advocate Judy Bonnell, you learn how to use a simple form to track your requests, the school's response, issues that were resolved and issues that are still on the table.
8 Steps to Better IEP Meetings by Jennifer Bollero, Esq. Mother of child with autism explains why parents need to learn the rules and strategies. When you learn the rules, you reduce the risks when you negotiate for your child. "Your child's IEP should never be a gamble. Know what your goals are and work them. Many roads lead to the same place. Many different cards can win the game."
Transition Goals and Plans in IEPs. Beginning at age 14, the IEP must identify transition service needs. The transition statement includes two components: a statement showing how planned studies (course of study) are related to the student's goals beyond secondary education and a statement of the student's goals beyond secondary education.This memo from special ed director Nissan Bar-Lev shows how to include transition statements in the IEP.
Present Levels of Performance Checklist. Key question; purpose; definition; key characteristics; writing strategy.
Annual Goals Checklist. Key question; purpose; definition; key characteristics; writing strategy
IEP Review Checklist. If you are preparing for an IEP meeting, review this checklist.
I Allow the School Retain My Child? Advice to a parent's frequently
asked questions about retention - generally, it is not a good idea.
Ending Social Promotion: A Guide for Educators and State and Local Leaders. According to the U. S. Department of Education, neither social promotion nor retention is appropriate for students who do not meet high academic standards. Focuses on accountability and school's responsibility to implement high academic standards for all students.
Free Publications about IEPs & Transition
Guide to the Individualized Education Program (2000)
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) requires schools to prepare students with disabilities for employment and independent living. Transition planning that involves students and their families leads to post-school success and independence. Article describes how to design quality IEP transition plans. Download
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